Was The Paris Agreement Effective
We found such a systematic synthesis of qualitative evaluations of ex ante policies methodically difficult. Most of the mechanisms put in place by the Palestinian Authority are not yet operational and can therefore only be assessed ex ante. As such, much of the literature we are examining is not explicitly related to effectiveness. In addition to analyses of the ambitions of existing NDCs, there is little aggregated data on the effectiveness of the Palestinian Authority. This has made it difficult to systematically synthesize this research. The identification of common engines, barriers and recommendations has therefore been a diverse interpretation, a task made even more complex by the complexity of the Palestinian Authority itself and by the various epistemal communities that examine it. While our results remain informative, the unreliability of the intercoder in this part of the analysis is a significant restriction. In addition, the effort required to develop a code book iteratively and then encode each document reduces this task in its scalability. At least it requires planning with significant resources for coding from the beginning (proposal) phase of the project. The objective of the agreement is to reduce global warming described in Article 2, to “improve the implementation” of the UNFCCC Finally, we find an important and diverse literary work that the Palestinian Authority is studying. Adaptation and capacity building are characterized by two significant research gaps in the literature and a number of areas could benefit from further consolidation. So far, there has been no consensus on the effectiveness of the Palestinian Authority. Most of the literature contains mixed results and cites a large number of engines and obstacles that support and hinder the effectiveness of the Palestinian Authority.
We find that the barriers invoked are generally more communicated, as drivers are often considered hypothetical. Overall, this indicates that, as it stands, the Palestinian Authority is unlikely to create the conditions necessary to achieve its objectives. However, the Palestinian Authority is still in its infancy, as many provisions have not yet been implemented and, from initial experience, there is a great deal of room for manoeuvre to adapt the provisions. As a result, obstacles such as the lack of comparable information or clear information standards can still be overcome, increasing the institutional effectiveness of the Palestinian Authority. Nevertheless, we note that the main obstacle to achieving the Palestinian Authority`s objectives remains the current lack of ambition. Only if national and non-state ambitions are clearly strengthened and sincerely implemented can the Palestinian Authority be effective both environmentally and institutionally. In this regard, the dissemination of norms and values by the Palestinian Authority and its characteristics as a platform for regular exchange and learning is essential. Further research should examine these characteristics, explore ways to improve their impact on ambitions, and formulate proposals to develop the Palestinian Authority`s mechanisms to facilitate this objective. What can also be very worrying and a real danger to the environment is the inclusion of vague elements and concepts such as sinks to absorb carbon into the atmosphere, so that the door remains open to geoengineering and other technological approaches.
This belief in unlimited technological progress pushes us in the opposite direction of this agreement, especially when Co2 capture projects do not work or are halted due to inefficiency.