North American Free Trade Agreement History
As early as 1984, President Ronald Reagan passed the Trade and Customs Act, which allowed the president to negotiate free trade agreements more quickly. Canadian Prime Minister Mulroney supported the President and the United States of Canada. The free trade agreement was finally signed in 1988; It came into force a year later. “NAFTA is the worst trade deal ever signed somewhere, but certainly certainly ever signed in this country,” Trump said in 2016 during a debate with then-candidate Hillary Clinton. The NAFTA structure is expected to increase cross-border trade in North America and stimulate economic growth for stakeholders. Let`s start with a quick look at these two topics. The passage of NAFTA has removed or removed barriers to trade and investment between the United States, Canada and Mexico. The impact of the agreement on issues such as employment, the environment and economic growth has been the subject of political controversy. Most economic analyses have shown that NAFTA has been beneficial to North American economies and the average citizen, but has been detrimental to a small minority of workers in sectors subject to trade competition.   Economists have estimated that the withdrawal from NAFTA or the renegotiation of NAFTA, in a way that would have created restored trade barriers, would have affected the U.S. economy and cost jobs.    However, Mexico would have been much more affected, both in the short term and in the long term, by the loss of jobs and the reduction of economic growth.  Supporters of NAFTA in the United States stressed that the pact was a free trade agreement and not an agreement on the Economic Community.
 The free movement of goods, services and capital did not extend to work. By proposing what no comparable agreement had attempted to open up to a “great third world country” – NAFTA avoided the establishment of a common social policy and employment. The regulation of the labour market and employment has remained exclusively due to national governments.  Maquiladoras (Mexican assembly plants that absorb imported components and produce goods for export) have become the emblem of trade in Mexico. They left the United States for Mexico, hence the debate about the loss of American jobs. Revenues in the maquiladora sector had increased by 15.5% since nafta in 1994.  Other sectors have also benefited from the free trade agreement and the share of exports to the United States.