Israel Jordan Water Agreement
In June 1999, Israel, Jordan and the United States signed an agreement on a joint Israeli-Jordanian project to protect the Gulf eilat-Aqaba, a project initially approved in the 1994 Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty. Under the agreement, teams of scientists from Israel and Jordan will work together to protect and explore coral reef reserves in the Gulf. The parties will exchange information and scientific data and conduct educational activities with the people of Eilat and Aqaba. Since the 1950s, Israel and Jordan have had a fundamental coordination of some of their actions concerning the Jordan Basin. During the “picnic tables,” the parties met and discussed issues of common interest. It was an “umbrella” for discussions on water coordination – despite the absence of a peace agreement – in which the role of the United Nations Ceasefire Monitoring Organization (UNTSO) was important. While Israel and Jordan had to some extent a relative and tacit understanding of the key areas of their common water in the Jordanian basin, Jordan was not politically able to reach an agreement on water (or other issues) until Israel and the PLO reached an agreement in 1993. This paved the way for the 1994 Israeli-Jordanian peace agreement. Discussions began in 1994. Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres told King Hussein that Jordan could be “excluded from the big game” after the Oslo accords with the PLO. Hussein met with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and Syrian President Hafez al-Assad. Mubarak encouraged him, but Assad simply told him to “talk” and not sign an agreement. US President Bill Clinton urged Hussein to start peace talks and sign a peace agreement with Israel and promised that Jordan`s debt would be cancelled.
Efforts were successful and Jordan signed a no-bell agreement with Israel. Rabin, Hussein and Clinton signed the Washington Declaration on July 25, 1994 in Washington, D.C.  According to the statement, Israel and Jordan ended the official state of hostility and would begin negotiations to “end bloodshed and mourning” and a just and lasting peace.  Meanwhile, Jordan is increasingly parched as it is home to millions of people who have fled the wars in Kuwait, Iraq and Syria. Jordan, which has no surface water, uses desalination on its small coast near Aqaba.